Low Vision Rehabilitation Occupational Therapy

02 Jun
2017
By Marie

Low vision rehabilitation helps you learn how to use adaptive equipment, make sufficient home modifications, and adjust activities to maximize your vision as well as independence. Healthcare specialists will offer resources while your therapy sessions to address:

  • Reading and writing
  • Cooking
  • Lighting and contrast
  • Community activities
  • Glare control
  • Sewing and crafts
  • Mobility
  • Shopping

Low Vision and its Causes

Low vision is a severe condition that interferes with your daily activities, at the same time it’s also allowing some usable vision. There are different health conditions that can cause low vision, including:

  • Cataracts
  • Macular degeneration
  • Glaucoma
  • Diabetic retinopathy

Occupational therapy for people with low vision

People with low vision may have difficulty performing daily activities such as:

  • Cooking
  • Reading
  • Writing
  • Dressing
  • Use of buttons in microwave and mobiles

Also Read: Type of Glaucoma and Their Treatment

Low vision can decrease an individual’s functional ability and independence. To restore and maintain the functional abilities through specific interventions is a complex process that requires a collaboration of various health & eye care specialists. Occupational therapists are the important members of this multidisciplinary team. Occupational therapy in low vision rehabilitation increase performance of individuals for specific daily activities by training skills that depends on residual vision such as reading or writing. The team conducts an environmental assessment at home, school, or workplace to provide an environment for patients who are suffering from low vision.

Low vision rehabilitation occupational therapy offers various support programs to help people maintain the quality of life and allow people with low vision to enjoy the good things that life has offered. The aim of support program is to:

  • Support continued participation in leisure activities
  • Increase confidence in social communication
  • Increase confidence when participating in daily activities
  • Help with money management skills
  • Help improve overall quality of life and well-being
  • Enhance ability to use other senses to compensate for vision loss
  • Reduce risk of falls in the home, school, and workplace
  • Increase communication awareness

Occupational therapists assess your home environment, the activities you carry out. The therapist identifies your strength and weakness that prevent you from participating in daily activities. The therapy suggests various strategies and practices that help you use your other senses to compensate vision loss. These strategies may include falls prevention, use of assistive technology, etc.

People with vision loss have some usable vision, but their vision is not sufficient to perform daily activities. The role of occupational therapists is to enable these vision impaired patients to participate in productive activities.

Once you enter into low vision occupational rehabilitation therapy, physicians here will:

  • Evaluate your condition
  • Make you learn how to use adaptive equipment
  • Make you aware of techniques that compensate for low vision
  • Help you retain functional ability and return to independent living
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