Glaucoma can also be called as the silent thief of vision as it is an eye disorder that is caused by damage or to excessive pressure on the optic nerves, which connects your eye to your brain. It is the world’s second leading cause of vision loss after cataract. In the United States alone, about three million people are affected by this eye condition.
A healthy eye fluid (ocular fluid) is always required to keep the pressure stable in your eyes. The eye condition shows no symptoms early; it can only be diagnosed by regular eye examinations based on the age and other associated risk factors. The pressure in the eye is called as intraocular pressure (IOP) increases when either there is a presence of too much fluid in the eye or the drainage of the eye become blocked.
There are two types of glaucoma; one is open-angle glaucoma, which is a long duration eye condition. Another is angle closure glaucoma, which is a chronic condition. The optic nerve damage and vision impairment from glaucoma are irreversible. There are painless tests available to determine the IOP, the status of optic nerves, and visual fields are used to diagnose the eye condition. Eye drops are available to treat glaucoma, although lasers and surgery can also be used to get rid of glaucoma. Most cases can be controlled by using ophthalmic solutions and can prevent further vision loss in glaucoma patients. Early treatment is essential to preserve vision in such patients.
Glaucoma treatment with eye drops
Eye drops for glaucoma are discovered to reduce pressure in the eye. These works by either increasing the ability of eyes to drain or by decreasing the amount of fluid it produces. The ophthalmic solutions are meant to apply directly to the eye. There are different types of eye preparations that are administered to the eye to get rid of high ocular pressure in glaucoma patients:
- Carbonic Anhydrase Inhibitors-
The class of glaucoma medication has been an important part of glaucoma medical treatment for more than three decades. These are used when IOP has not controlled adequately with other topical medications. Dorzolamide and Brinzolamide are the two medications that come under this category of Glaucoma medications that are very reliable at lowering the IOP.
These medicines in the form of eye drop administered in eyes to decrease the production of the aqueous humour, which is the eye fluid that your eyes continuously make. Dorzox eye drops a brand name for Dorzolamide and Azopt Eye drop (Brinzolamide) are easily available at premiumrxdrugs.com at affordable rates.
- Brinzolamide– The medications are administered thrice daily; it produces a significant additive IOP reduction in patients with open-angle glaucoma and ocular hypertension with fewer side effects.
- Dorzolamide- It works by penetrating the cornea where it inhibits carbonic anhydrase II in the ciliary body. This action slows down the production of local bicarbonates and therefore reduces the sodium and fluid, which ultimately results in a reduction of aqueous humour.
- Prostaglandin Analogues-
Prostaglandin analogues are another class of glaucoma drugs that decrease IOP in human beings by increasing the outflow of eye fluid via an unvisceral pathway. Latanoprost and Travoprost are important in an emergency and long-term treatment of primary glaucoma. Latanoprost is a more common drug that is used alone as the first line treatment or open-angle glaucoma and ocular hypertension. Bimatoprost is another prostaglandin analogue, which is believed to reduce IOP by enhancing uveoscleral outflow. Bimat, Careprost, and Actavis Bimatoprost are the brand names of Bimatoprost medications. Travoprost have been sold under the brand names of Travatan eye drops 0.004%. Whereas, Xalatan eye drops and 9 PM eye drops are the brand labels of Latanoprost medications for glaucoma.
The goal of glaucoma management is to avoid nerve damage caused by the eye condition and preserve eyesight and total quality of life for patients with minimal side effects. Proper Glaucoma management requires appropriate examinations and accurate selection of treatment for the individual patient. IOP is the only major risk factors for glaucoma lowering it with the help of using ophthalmic solutions, and surgical techniques are the mainstay of glaucoma treatment.
For a complete treatment of glaucoma, it is necessary to use the prescribed eye drop as directed. After putting in the eye preparation, blot away the excess drops with the help of tissue or cloth. Shut your eyes for about 3 to 5 minutes and allow the ophthalmic solution to penetrate into the eye and then resume your normal activities.