Erectile Dysfunction or Impotency can be explained as a disorder of sex organ in which affected man finds difficulty in attaining and sustaining erection required for intercourse. Impotence is a complex medical condition, which may have more than one cause. Almost any chronic physical or mental health disorder, including those with no direct effect on penile nerves or blood supply can have a powerful effect on sexuality, sexual self-image and erectile function.
Drinking alcohol can cause temporary and permanent ED. Research has shown that 60-70% of heavy alcohol consumers suffer from permanent erectile dysfunction. High alcohol consumption causes numbness of sex desire. This is because alcohol impedes the blood flow to penis, in addition to damage to the nerves, resulting in impotence. This nerve damage is called peripheral neuropathy.
Smoking is a biggest cause of ED among men under 40. A study looking at the impact of smoking on ED found that men who smoked more than 20 cigarettes daily had a 60% higher risk of erectile dysfunction, compared to men who never smoked. This does not mean that smoking less than 20 cigarettes a day is safe, smoking builds up plaques in arteries that obstructs blood flow through vessels, causing erectile dysfunction.
3. Injury and Accidents
ED can be caused by a damage of blood vessel or nerves by a pelvic fracture or by an injury to spinal cord injury or sex organs. As the researches truly states that any part of the body is controlled by the impulses sent by the brain and spinal cord to that body part via nerves, any trauma that damages those nerves result in loss of control. If the nerves in spinal cord is damaged, the men will not attain erection. Also damage to blood vessel will result in reduced flow of blood to the penis.
4. Risk and Return Trade off: Prolonged exercise
For men, the health benefits of bicycling may involve a troublesome trade-off. While riding a bicycle improves physical health, too many hours on a bicycle decrease the sexual health. Too many hours of cycling exerts a pressure on the nerve and arteries of perineum (an area between scrotum and the anus where the nerves and arteries to the penis pass) and damages the nerves and vessel causing ED. This situation gets worst when the saddle seats are narrow. Therefore to minimise the risk of ED during such instances, narrow and hard seats should be avoided.
5. Hair loss: Drug & ED
Medications, such as Finasteride and Dutasteride are used to treat hair loss in males. These medicines have exhibited their own side effects such as loss of libido in men and erectile dysfunction . Michael Irwig, assistant professor of medicine at George Washington University, discovered that 92 percent men who were taking hair loss drug, Finasteride, suffered from erectile dysfunction and 69 percent experienced difficulty with orgasm. This drug reduces or suppresses the male hormone Dihydrotestosterone, which helps maintain the sex drive hence the libido is reduced.
Excess weight, especially the belly fat, can affect sexual and can interfere with the body’s ability to supply blood to the penis. Losing even a little weight can improve blood vessel function. As shown by Journal of Sexual Medicine; losing just 5% to 10% of body weight over a two-month period improved the erectile function and revved up the sex drives of obese men.
7. Work-related Stress
Stress is a known cause of Erectile Dysfunction. Stress can be associated with anxiety and depression which is the main reason identified for imparting difficulty in erection. Dr David Edwards, an Oxfordshire GP comments: “Work-place stress clearly has a strong impact on the incidence of ED in men.” Evidence suggests that 1 in 10 men experience ED and as many as 1 in 5 men suffer a loss of libido, as a result of work-related stress. If a man goes through a prolonged stress at the workplace, then he may encounter low testosterone levels. Low testosterone level prevents PDE5 inhibitors from working effectively. In such cases, professional help should be obtained and symptoms should be diagnosed and problem should be treated.
8. Medicinal Side-effects
Many medicines and recreational drugs can significantly affect the man’s sexual arousal and sexual performance, in some cases it ED pills. If you observe a decline in sexual performance after you have started taking a particular medicine then it may be a sign of ED so you should talk to your doctor. Some medications may lead to severe side effects if they are not carefully diagnosed. The medications that cause ED is categorised into Diuretics and high blood pressure drugs, Antidepressants, anti-anxiety drugs and antiepileptic drugs, Antihistamines, Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, Antiarrythmics, Chemotherapy drugs.
9. Porn induced ED
ED is induced by porn also though it cannot be ascertained that what number of men has suffered from porn-induced ED, says Dr. Abraham Morgentaler, Director of Men’s Health Boston and Clinical Professor of Urology at Harvard Medical School. Sometimes the problem lies in the mind and not in the penis. The pornography gives men the idea that sex is supposed to be a certain way and when it doesn’t happen exactly the way they saw onscreen, it results in poor libido and non erection. Evidence says that 60% of compulsive porn users reported erectile dysfunction and the average age was 25.
10. Problem with partner
Problems with your partner are among the top sex-drive killers. Impotence may be a manifestation of a poor relationship or a problematic time in a relationship. Sexual boredom, tension or anger among partners and lack of intimacy or communication are all possible triggers of erectile dysfunction. If you’re worried about your sexual response, don’t be afraid to talk to your partner or seek a counsellor help.
In a nutshell, ED could be caused by stress, depression, aging, improper sleep and hormonal imbalance, etc. ED could be cured with medicines and in some cases with surgical interventions. It is also to be remembered that treating one disease can stimulate other disease symptoms, it is therefore required to be very cautious and careful while using commercial products or male supplements being sold over the counter or via online mode.